Since I have to teach my students some Autumn vocabulary this month in English, I think I ought to study more vocabulary in Chinese.This post will be a three part series. Part One will be mainly about Autumn and the holidays that are celebrated in China during this season. Part Two will be about Halloween and Part Three will be about food, of course!
Let’s Begin! 那我们开始吧！nà wǒmén kàishǐ ba!
Learn Chinese AutumnVocabulary
I planned to design cute flashcards using Canva, but they don’t support Chinese characters! If I had more time I would have used a Chinese app. For now, a list will suffice.
There are 4 tones and 1 neutral tone in Mandarin Chinese that are needed to clarify the meanings of words. Reference the photo and link below to learn about Chinese Phonics!
1. Autumn – 秋天- qiū tiān
秋 means Autumn, harvest time 天 means day Autumn + Day = Autumn Days = Autumn
*Fun Fact: 天 also means Sky or Heaven depending on the context.
2. October – 十月 – shí yuè
十 is the number 10 月 means month 10 + Month = The 10th Month = October
月 can also mean moon!
3. November – 十一月- shí yī yuè
十 is the number 10 一 is the number 1 十 + 一 = the number 11
月 means month 十一 + 月 = The 11th month = November
4. Mid-Autumn Festival – 中秋节 – zhōng qiū jié
中 means middle 秋 is Autumn 节 has a few meanings, but in this case it indicates this day is a festival or a holiday
中 + 秋 + 节 = Middle Autumn Festival = Mid-Autumn Festival
5. National Day – 国庆节- guó qìng jié
国 is country; nation, state 庆 means occasion for celebration 节 indicates this day is a festival or holiday
国 + 庆 + 节 = Celebration of the Country Holiday = National Day
6. Tree – 树 – shù
7. Leaves – 树叶 – shù yè
树 means tree 叶 is leaf 树 + 叶 = Tree Leaf = Leaves
Orange Leaves – 橙叶 – chéng yè
橙 means orange (the tree and the fruit) 叶 is leaf 橙 + 叶 = Orange Leaves
Red Leaves – 红叶 – hóng yè
红 as an adjective means red, popular, and revolutionary 叶 is leaf 红 + 叶 = Red Leaves
Fun Fact: Red and Gold are China’s flag colors. You can see why “red” can also mean revolutionary!
Yellow Leaves – 黄叶 – huáng yè
黄 means yellow, sallow 叶 is leaf 黄 + 叶 = Yellow Leaves
8. Thanksgiving – 感恩节 – gǎn ēn jiē
感 means to feel, sense 恩 is grace, favor 节 indicates this day is a festival or holiday
感 + 恩 + = to be grateful 感 恩+ 节 = Thanksgiving Day
9. Fog – 雾气 – wù qì
雾 is fog, mist 气 is air, gas 雾 + 气 = Fog
10. Rake – 耙子 – pá zi
耙 means harrow ( a tool that has sharp teeth which is dragged over land to remove weds, break up clods and cover seeds) 子 is an affix that is added to some nouns or measure words
耙 + 子 = Remove Weeds/Plants + Thing = Rake
11. Clouds – 云层 – yún céng
云 as a noun means clouds 层 means layer 云 + 层 = Cloud layer = Clouds
12. Hurricane – 飓风 – jù fēng
飓 means hurricane, cyclone 风 has several meanings but it mostly means wind
飓 + 风 = Hurricane Wind = Hurricane
13. Umbrella (for rain) – 雨伞 – yǔ sǎn
雨 means rain 伞 means umbrella 雨 + 伞 = Rain Umbrella
14. Windy – 刮风- guā fēng
刮 has several meanings, but (of the wind) it means blow 风 too has several meanings but it mostly means wind
刮 + 风 = to blow wind = to be windy